Background on the Green Climate Fund

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was agreed in 1992 by over 100 countries, later expanded to 192 countries, nearly all the countries in the world. The U.S. ratified the UNFCCC by a unanimous vote of the U.S. Senate. Two further agreements were made under the auspices of the UNFCCC: the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 and the Paris Agreement in 2015. The latter agreement pledges members to keep temperature increases to “well below” 2 degrees C and strongly urges members to remain below 1.5 degrees increase from historic levels. It also pledges members to achieve “net zero” emissions by 2050. Under the Obama Administration, the U.S. pledged to reduce emissions by 26-28% by 2025. Former President Trump withdrew from the Paris Agreement in 2020 and reneged on the U.S. commitment, but President Biden sent a letter to rejoin, effective February 20, 2021.

The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was established by the Conference of Parties (COP) of the UNFCCC in 2010. Under the Obama Administration, in 2014 the United States pledged $3 billion to the GCF, but only transferred $1 billion before President Trump withdrew support for the Fund. The US also did not pledge funding for the first replenishment of the GCF in 2019. Environmental organizations call on the new administration to immediately pledge and support appropriation of at least $8 billion to the GCF: $2 billion to fulfill the first pledge; and $6 billion to bring the US in step with other key contributors who doubled their contributions in the first replenishment. More information is available here.

The organizations which are calling for a U.S. pledge to the GCF are:

  2. 350 Silicon Valley
  3. ActionAid USA
  4. Call to Action Colorado
  5. Catholic Network US
  6. Center for Biological Diversity
  7. Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
  8. Climate Law & Policy Project
  9. Colorado Businesses for a Livable Climate
  10. Colorado Democratic Party Energy & Environment Initiative
  11. Earth Action, Inc.
  12. EcoEquity
  13. Education, Economics, Environmental, Climate and Health Organization (EEECHO)
  14. EFCWest
  15. FCNL
  16. Food and Water Watch
  17. Friends of the Earth US
  18. GASP
  19. Greenpeace USA
  20. Gullah/Geechee Sea Island Coalition
  21. Leadership Conference of Women Religious
  22. Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns
  23. Mennonite Central Committee U.S. Washington Office
  24. Natural Resources Defense Council
  25. North Carolina Council of Churches
  26. North Carolina Interfaith Power & Light
  27. Nuclear Information and Resource Service
  28. Oil Change International
  29. Organized Uplifting Resources and Strategies
  30. Oxfam America
  31. Physicians for Social Responsibility Pennsylvania
  32. Pivot Point
  33. Project Blueprint
  34. RapidShift Network
  35. Sierra Club
  36. Sisters of Mercy of the Americas Justice Team
  37. Sunrise Movement
  38. SustainUS
  39. The Oakland Institute
  40. The United Methodist Church – General Board of Church and Society
  41. Union of Concerned Scientists
  42. Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (UUSC)
  43. Utah Moms for Clean Air
  44. Venner Consulting
  45. Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network (WECAN)
  46. Zero Hour


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